Pengertian & Rumus Past Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense adalah sebuah tense yang digunakan untuk menjelaskan suatu kejadian yang terjadi di masa lampau. Perbedaan tense ini dengan tense past lainnya adalah adanya tenggat waktu pada suatu aksi yang dilakukan. Coba lihat gambar dibawah ini.

Past__ [sedang terjadi] __Present ___Future__[Past continuous tense]

Contoh dalam Bahasa Inggris:

  1. Johnson was eating fruits last night.
  2. Johnson opened a door last night.

Pada contoh kalimat pertama, kata sedang pada contoh di atas menunjukan adanya suatu tanda yang menunjukan bahwa Johnson sedang makan, entah 5 atau 10 menit. Yang jelas ada waktu yang signifikan.

Sedangkan pada contoh kalimat kedua, membuka pintu tidak memerlukan waktu yang lama (tidak ada waktu yang signifikan). Mungkin saja membuka pintu memakan waktu lama jika ada sesuatu hal seperti kunci agak bengkok. Namun, Lazimnya kita akan menulis Johnson was trying to open the door.

Rumus Untuk Membangun Past Continuous Tense

(+) S + Was/ Were + Verb-ing + O + Time clause (past).

(-) S + Was/ Were + Not + Verb-ing + O + Time clause (past).

(?) Was/ were + S + verb-ing + O + Time clause (past) + ?

(?-) Was/ were + Not + S + verb-ing + O + Time clause (past) + ?

Penjelasan Rumus Past Continuous Tense

Dalam tense ini kalian akan menemukan dua macam to be past, was dan were. Penggunaan was dan were tergantung pada subyek yang dipakai. Lihat tabel dibawah ini.

Subjects
To be (past)
I, He, She, ItWas
You, We, TheyWere

Berbeda dengan to be present (is, am are). Penggolongan to be mana yang dipakai pada tense ini berdasarkan jumlah subyek. Jika tunggal maka to be yang dipakai was, jika jamak to be yang dipakai were. Verb yang dipakai adalah bentuk kata kerja ditambah ing. Penambahan kata -ing disini sebenarnya sudah menujukan suatu kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung (on progress).

Contoh kalimat positif.

  1. He was having dinner with me last night.
  2. Mary was going to Central park this morning.
  3. They were creating a new project.

Contoh kalimat negatif.

  1. He was not having dinner with me last night.
  2. Mary was not going to Central park this morning.
  3. They were not creating a new project.

Contoh kalimat interogatif.

  1. Was he having dinner with me last night?
  2. Was Mary going to Central park this morning?
  3. Were they creating a new project?

Contoh kalimat Interogatif negatif.

  1. Was not he having dinner with me last night?
  2. Was not Mary going to Central park this morning?
  3. Were not they creating a new project?

Past Progressive Tense

Past continuous tense sering didampingkan dengan past progressive tense. Perbedaannya terletak pada time clause. Jika pada past continuous tense time clause yang digunakan seperti last night dan this morning, pada tense ini time clause nya adalah sebuah klausa atau frasa. Secara garis besar penyusunannya terdiri dari ‘kalimat utama + while/when + klausa/frasa’.

Ada perbedaan ketika menggunakan kata penghubung while dan when.

  1. Jika menggunakan when umumnya penyusunan kalimat menggunakan past continuous tense dan frasa menggunakan simple past tense.
  2. Jika menggunakan while, baik kalimat ataupun klausa/frasa menggunakan past continous tense.
Kalimat
Penghubung (Conjunction)
Frasa/Klausa
Past Continuous Tense
When
Simple Past Tense
Past Continuous Tense
While
Past Continuous Tense

Rumus Untuk Membangun Kalimat Past Progressive Tense Dengan Konjugsi When

(+) S + Was/ Were + Verb-ing + O + When + S + V2.

(-) S + Was/ Were + Not + Verb-ing + O + When + S + V2.

(?) Was/ were + S + verb-ing + O + When + S + V2 + ?

(?-) Was/ were + Not + S + verb-ing + O + When + S + V2 + ?

Contoh kalimat positif.

  1. He was having dinner with me when Arif called.
  2. Mary was going to Central park when Alex was in charge.
  3. They were creating a new project when another project came.

Contoh kalimat negatif.

  1. He was not having dinner with me last night when Arif called.
  2. Mary was not going to Central park when Alex was in charge.
  3. They were not creating a new project when another project came.

Contoh kalimat interogatif.

  1. Was he having dinner with me last night when Arif called?
  2. Was Mary going to Central park this morning when Alex was in charge?
  3. Were they creating a new project when another project came?

Contoh kalimat Interogatif negatif.

  1. Was not he having dinner with me when Arif called?
  2. Was not Mary going to Central park when Alex was in charge ?
  3. Were not they creating a new project when another project came?

Rumus Untuk Membangun Kalimat Past Progressive Tense Dengan Konjungsi While

(+) S + Was/ Were + Verb-ing + O + While + S + Was/Were + Verb-ing.

(-) S + Was/ Were + Not + Verb-ing + O + While + S + Was/Were + Verb-ing.

(?) Was/ were + S + verb-ing + O + While + S + Was/Were + Verb-ing + ?

(?-) Was/ were + Not + S + verb-ing + O + While + S + Was/Were + Verb-ing + ?

Contoh kalimat positif.

  1. He was having dinner with me while Arif was going home.
  2. Mary was going to Central park while Alex was working.
  3. They were creating a new project while another project was coming.

Contoh kalimat negatif.

  1. He was not having dinner with me while Arif was going home.
  2. Mary was not going to Central park while Alex was working.
  3. They were not creating a new project while another project was coming

Contoh kalimat interogatif.

  1. Was he having dinner with me while Arif was going home?
  2. Was Mary going to Central park this morning while alex was working?
  3. Were they creating a new project while another project was coming?

Contoh kalimat Interogatif negatif.

  1. Was not he having dinner with me while Arif was going home?
  2. Was not Mary going to Central park while alex was working?
  3. Were not they creating a new project while another project was coming?

Variasi – Variasi Pada Past Continuous Tense

1. When (simple past tense), (past continuous tense) & While (past continuous tense), (past continuous tense)

Dalam menyusun kalimat past progressive tense kata penghubung when dan while bisa ditempatkan pada awal kalimat. Contoh:

  • When I went to campus, my parents were coming to my studio.
  • While I was doing my homework, My friends were playing guitar.
  • When she brought me a cake, I was not feeling hungry.
  • While They were having party, I was not enjoying the party.

Perlu diperhatikan untuk selalu memakai koma (,) untuk menggabungkan kedua kalimat atau frasa.

2. Sebagai ekspresi ketika kita ingin merubah rencana.

Ketika sedang menceritakan suatu perubahan rencana di masa lampau kita dapat menggunakan tense ini sebagai sebuah ekspresi, contoh:

  • I was planning to visit my friend in Bogor but I have decided to take a rest at home.
  • They were going to spend their holiday in Jogjakarta but they have decided to go to Bandung instead.
  • She was planning to resign from her current job but she has decided to stay though.

3. Sebagai ekspresi yang paling santun untuk meminta tolong.

Ketika kita ingin meminta tolong secara santun kepada seseorang, kita dapat menggunakan tense ini sebagai sebuah ekspresi, contoh:

  • I was wondering if you could finish my homework this time.
  • I was wondering if you would take me out tonight.
  • We were wondering if you could give us a ride
Category:
Bahasa Inggris